skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mgr 6VII/8 — in ‘the’

Guðs son drakk þín brjóstin bæði,
blessuð mær, að tóktu að færa
tírargjörn af tungu fornri
taldra daga í musterið valda.
Máttugt víf og móðir dróttins,
mætan ofrar himna gæti;
son þinn taldi Síméon þenna
sannan guð og in helga Anna.

Guðs son drakk bæði brjóstin þín, blessuð mær, að tóktu, tírargjörn, að færa í musterið valda daga taldra af fornri tungu. Máttugt víf og móðir dróttins, ofrar mætan gæti himna; Síméon og in helga Anna taldi þenna son þinn sannan guð.

God’s son [= Christ] drank from both your breasts, blessed Virgin, whom you, glory-eager, brought into the excellent temple in the days stipulated by the ancient tongue. Mighty lady and mother of the Lord [= Mary], you hand over the glorious guardian of the heavens [= God (= Christ)]; Simeon and the holy Anna declared this son of yours the true God.

notes

[8] in helga Anna ‘the holy Anna’: A prophetess, daughter of Phanuel, in the temple of Jerusalem (Luke II.36). All mss reads inn helga anda (m. acc. sg.) ‘the Holy Spirit’. As shown by the internal rhyme (-ann : Ann-), this is clearly a scribal error, and in 713 and 1032ˣ the correct word has been entered above the l. (in a later hand in 1032ˣ).

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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