skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mgr 5VII/6 — 

‘Veitum lof,’ kvað göfugur gætir
góðra klerka, ‘dróttins móður;
lærðir menn og lýða ferðir,
laugum brár og kinnr í tárum.
Mætust, bið eg, að mier skuli veita
móðir dróttins alt góða
jungfrú glödd, er Jésús fæddi,
enn að lýsa heiminn þenna.’

‘Veitum lof móður dróttins,’ kvað göfugur gætir góðra klerka; ‘lærðir menn og ferðir lýða, laugum brár og kinnr í tárum. Eg bið, að mætust móðir dróttins, glödd jungfrú, er fæddi Jésús, skuli veita mier alt góða, enn að lýsa þenna heiminn.’

‘Let us give praise to the mother of the Lord [= Mary],’ said the glorious guardian of good clerics [BISHOP = Augustine]; ‘learned men and crowds of people, let us wash eyelashes and cheeks in tears. I ask that the most magnificent mother of the Lord [= Mary], the joyous Virgin who gave birth to Jesus, should grant me everything good, yet again to illuminate this world.’

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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