skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mgr 44VII/5 — inn ‘as the’

‘Finn eg minn þann fögnuð annan;
fæddi eg Krist, er heiminn græddi,
jólanótt að eins guðs vilja
öllum lýð til sálu prýði.
Síðan reikna eg þann inn þriðja,
þeyja borgar páskamorginn
ríkr og fróðr er reis af dauða
ræsir ítr, sem mátta eg líta.

‘Finn eg þann annan fögnuð minn: eg fæddi Krist, er heiminn græddi, jólanótt að vilja eins guðs til prýði sálu öllum lýð. Síðan reikna eg þann inn þriðja, er ítr ræsir borgar þeyja, ríkr og fróðr, reis af dauða páskamorginn, sem eg mátta líta.

‘I find that to be my second joy: I gave birth to Christ, who delivered the world, on Christmas night by the will of the one God for the glory of the soul of all people. Then I count that as the third, when the splendid ruler of the stronghold of warm winds [SKY/HEAVEN > = God (= Christ)], powerful and wise, rose from death on Easter morning, as I could see.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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