skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mgr 38VII/6 — inn ‘the’

‘Ræsir prúðr, er reis af dauða,
regna borgar, páskamorgin,
sýndi mier öll sár og undir
sín, en glöð varð eg, fyrr en öðrum.
Gráti mínum gleði á móti
guð vildi svá skipa inn mildi;
geymir vagns, á grundu og himni,
giefr mier alt, það er eg vil krefja.

‘Prúðr ræsir borgar regna, er reis af dauða páskamorgin, sýndi mier öll sár sín og undir fyrr en öðrum, en eg varð glöð. Svá vildi inn mildi guð skipa gleði á móti gráti mínum; geymir vagns giefr mier alt, það er eg vil krefja á grundu og himni.

‘The splendid ruler of the stronghold of rains [SKY/HEAVEN > = God (= Christ)], who rose from death on Easter morning, showed all his wounds and injuries to me before others, and I became glad. Thus the generous God wanted to render joy in return for my weeping; the keeper of the wagon [= God] gives me all that I want to ask for on earth and in heaven.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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