skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mgr 36VII/2 — inn ‘the’

‘Efalaus var eg, að upp mun*i rísa,
ein þváttdaginn, Kristr inn hreini’;
þjóðir halda því nú síðan
þenna dag til dýrðar henni.
Yfirþjóðkonungs allra jöfra
öllu góðu í himna höllu
ræðr og stýrir mær og móðir
Máría sæl hjá dróttni várum.

‘Eg ein var efalaus þváttdaginn, að inn hreini Kristr mun*i rísa upp’; því halda þjóðir nú síðan þenna dag til dýrðar henni. Mær og móðir yfirþjóðkonungs allra jöfra ræðr og stýrir öllu góðu í höllu himna, sæl Máría, hjá dróttni várum.

‘I alone was without doubt on the Saturday [lit. wash-day], that the pure Christ would rise up’; therefore people now afterwards hold this day in her honour. The Virgin and mother of the supreme king of all princes [= God (= Christ) > = Mary] rules and governs everything good in the hall of the heavens, blessed Mary, next to our Lord.

notes

[1-2]: Cf. Mar (1871, 1011): ok alldri efandizt um hans upprisu ‘and never doubting his resurrection’.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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