skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mgr 32VII/3 — inn ‘The’

Ítar*ligr og öllum mætri
— ár og friðr sie skapara várum —
máttugr giefr inn mildi dróttinn
móður sinni alt ið góða.
Yfirþjóðkonungs allra jöfra
öllu góðu í himna höllu
ræðr og stýrir mær og móðir
Máría sæl hjá dróttni várum.

Inn mildi dróttinn, máttugr, ítar*ligr og mætri öllum, giefr móður sinni alt ið góða; sie ár og friðr skapara várum. Mær og móðir yfirþjóðkonungs allra jöfra ræðr og stýrir öllu góðu í höllu himna, sæl Máría, hjá dróttni várum.

The generous Lord, mighty, glorious and more splendid than all, gives his mother everything good; may there be prosperity and peace for our Creator. The Virgin and mother of the supreme king of all princes [= God (= Christ) > = Mary] rules and governs everything good in the hall of the heavens, blessed Mary, next to our Lord.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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