skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mgr 30VII/3 — inn ‘the’

‘Skylt er að tjá, það er mildingr mælti
mána hauðrs í písl við dauða:
“Þystir mig,” kvað herra inn hæsti
hlýrna; má það aldri fyrnaz.
Geira lundar galli blandað
gumna þjóðir skapara bjóða
vínið súrt, en harm í hjarta
hafða eg riett, sem edik krafði.’

‘Er skylt að tjá, það er mildingr hauðrs mána mælti í písl við dauða: “Mig þystir,” kvað inn hæsti herra hlýrna; það má aldri fyrnaz. Lundar geira, þjóðir gumna, bjóða skapara súrt vínið blandað galli, sem krafði edik, en eg hafða harm riett í hjarta.’

‘I am obliged to tell what the ruler of the land of the moon [SKY/HEAVEN > = God (= Christ)] said in his Passion near death: “I thirst,” said the highest lord of the sun and moon [= God (= Christ)]; that can never be forgotten. The trees of spears [WARRIORS], the crowds of men, offer the Creator the sour wine mixed with gall, as if he had asked for vinegar, and I had torment right in my heart.’

kennings

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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