skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mgr 3VII/7 — in ‘the’

Er svá komið, að ætla eg meira
öðlingur, þier, bjartra röðla
ítarligr, er öllum veitir
yndis gnógt, ef hafna syndum.
Verð eg mier að aungu orði
einhlítr, nema þið vilið beina,
sannur guð og in sælsta móðir;
sýta mun eg og iðraz lýta.

Svá er komið, að eg ætla meira þier, ítarligr öðlingur bjartra röðla, er veitir öllum gnógt yndis, ef hafna syndum. Eg verð mier einhlítr að aungu orði, nema þið vilið beina, sannur guð og in sælsta móðir; eg mun sýta og iðraz lýta.

Now it has happened that I expect more from you, magnificent prince of bright suns [= God], who grants plenty of pleasure to all if they renounce sins. I cannot become self-sufficient with any word, unless you two will want to help, true God and the most blessed mother; I will lament and repent my faults.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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