skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mey 44VII/5 — hinn ‘The’

Júliána fekk hrein og heilög
hatr og mein af greifa einum;
læstu þeir að meyju mæstri
myrkvarann í fjötrum styrkum.
Sendiz þangað hinn svikli fjandi
svíkjandi með eingils líki;
kúgaðr var hann af fljóði fögru
fagnaðarlauss til margra sagna.

Hrein og heilög Júliána fekk hatr og mein af einum greifa; þeir læstu mæstri meyju í styrkum fjötrum að myrkvarann. Hinn svikli fjandi sendiz þangað svíkjandi með líki eingils; fagnaðarlauss var hann kúgaðr af fögru fljóði til margra sagna.

The pure and holy Juliana incurred the hatred and torture of a count; they locked the most precious maiden in strong fetters in a dungeon. The deceitful devil was sent there, deceiving [her] in the shape of an angel; joyless he was forced by the fair woman to tell much [lit. forced to many stories].

notes

[5-6] hinn svikli fjandi sendiz þangað svíkjandi með líki eingils ‘the deceitful devil was sent there, deceiving [her] in the shape of an angel’: Juliana was tested by Satan in the shape of an angel of light; cf. the OE Juliana 244b hæfde engles hiw ‘he had the form of an angel’ (Woolf 1955, 31); note the use of adnominatio in svikli/svíkjandi.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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