skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mey 22VII/5 — hin ‘The’

Mestar liet á mönnum Kristi
Maxencíus píslir vaxa;
eina liet hann jungfrú væna
óteljandi meinum kvelja.
Kátrína vann sigr hin sæta
sæt og fögr á spekinga þrætu;
barg hun þeim og brögnum mörgum;
brúður kóngs á guðs son trúði.

Maxencíus liet mestar píslir vaxa á mönnum Kristi; hann liet kvelja eina væna jungfrú óteljandi meinum. Hin sæta Kátrína, sæt og fögr, vann sigr á þrætu spekinga; hun barg þeim og mörgum brögnum; brúður kóngs trúði á guðs son.

Maxentius had the greatest tortures fall to Christ’s men’s share; he had one beautiful maiden tortured with innumerable torments. The sweet Catherine, sweet and handsome, won the victory in the dispute with wise men; she saved them and many men; the wife of the king believed in the son of God.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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