skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mey 2VII/6 — hins ‘of the’

Lýsa vilda eg lofandi glós*um
líf ágætra dýrðarvífa,
drottinn várr með hverjum hætti
huldi þær í krafti skærum.
Mildliga skín yfir meyjum öllum
meyligt blóm hins hæsta sóma;
Máría sjálf er drotning dýrust;
dýran fæddi hun himna stýri.

Eg vilda lýsa lofandi glós*um líf ágætra dýrðarvífa, með hverjum hætti drottinn várr huldi þær í skærum krafti. Meyligt blóm hins hæsta sóma skín mildliga yfir öllum meyjum; Máría sjálf er dýrust drotning; hun fæddi dýran stýri himna.

I wanted to describe in laudatory words the lives of excellent women of glory [and] in what manner our Lord enveloped them with a shining power. The maidenly flower of the highest honour shines gracefully over all maidens; Mary herself is the most glorious queen; she gave birth to the glorious ruler of the heavens [= God (= Christ)].

readings

[6] hins: so 713, 444ˣ, om. 721

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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