skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mdr 9VII/4 — 

Skínn með sælu sannri
— sannfriett er það — manna
hjálparván og hreinum
hæst líf guði næsta.
Lýtr öll veröld ítri
yfirþjóðkonungs móður;
verð er drottning dýrðar
dæmd til efri sæmdar.

Hjálparván manna og hæst líf skínn með sannri sælu næsta hreinum guði; sannfriett er það. Öll veröld lýtr ítri móður yfirþjóðkonungs; drottning dýrðar er dæmd verð til efri sæmdar.

Men’s hope of redemption and highest life shines with true bliss beside pure God; that is proved true. The whole world bows down before the glorious mother of the supreme king <= God> [= Mary]; the queen of glory is adjudged worthy of the highest honour.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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