skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mdr 20VII/2 — ins

Fagnaðu, mildi megnuð
móðir alls ins góða;
sonr þinn sínum mönnum
setr öllum þig betri.
Þinn brár hljómr á himnum
hljóð yfir allar þjóðar;
frumtígnuð, mátt fagna,
frú mín, lofi þínu.

Fagnaðu, móðir alls ins góða, megnuð mildi; sonr þinn setr þig betri öllum mönnum sínum. Hljómr þinn brár á himnum, hljóð yfir allar þjóðar; frumtígnuð frú mín, mátt fagna lofi þínu.

Rejoice, mother of everything good, strengthened with mercy; your son places you above all his men. Your sound shines in the heavens, your tune over all peoples; my lady, foremost in honour, you can rejoice in your praise.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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