skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mdr 16VII/5 — ins ‘of’

Viðir Fenris og flæðar
fyrri merkja spyrja
†mier í hyggju harri
hátt faðmandi sátta†,
þvíað, fylling ins fulla
friðar, af þínum iðrum
sýndir, geisla grundar,
guð og mann borinn sannan.

Og viðir flæðar Fenris spyrja fyrri merkja †mier í hyggju harri hátt faðmandi sátta†, þvíað fylling ins fulla friðar grundar geisla, sýndir sannan guð og mann, borinn af iðrum þínum.

And trees of the river of Fenrir <wolf> [BLOOD > WARRIORS] ask about former signs †…†, because, fulfilment of the absolute peace of the land of sun-beams [SKY/HEAVEN], you revealed true God and man, born of your womb.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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