skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Líkn 25VII/5 — ins ‘of the’

Geypnir skjöldungr skepnu
skríns styrkliga sína
(ern er hilmir) hlýrna
(heiðtjalds) saman alla.
Krists vinnr krapt ins hæsta
krossmark viðum hnossa
alls bezt; lofar æztan
öll dýrð konung fyrða.

Skjöldungr skríns hlýrna geypnir styrkliga sína skepnu alla saman; hilmir heiðtjalds er ern. Krossmark ins hæsta Krists vinnr krapt alls bezt viðum hnossa; öll dýrð lofar æztan konung fyrða.

The ruler of the shrine of heavenly bodies [SKY/HEAVEN > = God] holds in his hand mightily his creation all at once; the prince of the heath’s tent [SKY/HEAVEN > = God] is valiant. The cross-sign of the most high Christ gains power best of all for trees of treasures [MEN]; all glory exalts the highest king of men [RULER = Christ].

readings

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘Kristr vinnr kr‑’ B, 399a‑bˣ

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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