skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Kálf Kátr 33VII/8 — hið

Allir tóku að undraz þollar
öglis ness, er mærin þessi
skyldi svá með skæru holdi
skína mega fyr píslum sínum.
Stendr og sitr til hægri handar
heilög Máría aldar deili;
mildingr skipar nú mána foldar
mæstr Kátrínu henni hið næsta.

Allir þollar ness öglis tóku að undraz, er mærin þessi skyldi svá skína mega með skæru holdi fyr píslum sínum. Heilög Máría stendr og sitr til hægri handar deili aldar; mæstr mildingr foldar mána skipar nú Kátrínu hið næsta henni.

All fir-trees of the headland of the snake [GOLD > MEN] were surprised when this maiden could so shine with a bright body despite her torments. Holy Mary stands and sits at the right hand of the ruler of people [= God]; the greatest prince of the land of the moon [SKY/HEAVEN > = God] now places Catherine next to her.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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