skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Kálf Kátr 29VII/8 — hið

Hrist fór þá með hreinu brjósti
hrings á braut og málma Gautar;
öll leyfðu þau eingla stilli
endalaust, sem guðs mær kendi.
Stendr og sitr til hægri handar
heilög Máría aldar deili;
mildingr skipar nú mána foldar
mæstr Kátrínu henni hið næsta.

Hrist hrings fór þá á braut með hreinu brjósti og Gautar málma; öll leyfðu þau stilli eingla endalaust, sem guðs mær kendi. Heilög Máría stendr og sitr til hægri handar deili aldar; mæstr mildingr foldar mána skipar nú Kátrínu hið næsta henni.

The Hrist <valkyrie> of the ring [WOMAN] then went away with a pure breast and [so did] the Gautar <= Óðinn> of metal [WARRIORS]; they all praised the ruler of angels [= God] endlessly, as God’s maiden taught. Holy Mary stands and sits at the right hand of the ruler of people [= God]; the greatest prince of the land of the moon [SKY/HEAVEN > = God] now places Catherine next to her.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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