skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Hsv 79VII/5 — skal ‘must’

Margsnotr maðr,        sá er fyrir meinum verðr,
        láti sinn eigi hryggja hug;
góðs at vænta        skal gumna hverr,
        þótt hann sé til dauða dæmdr.

Margsnotr maðr, sá er verðr fyrir meinum, láti eigi hryggja hug sinn; hverr gumna skal góðs at vænta, þótt hann sé dæmdr til dauða.

A very wise man who meets with misfortunes should not let them distress his mind; every man must expect good, although he may be sentenced to death.

readings

[5] skal: skyldi 624

grammar

Verbs: Preterite-present verbs

The present tense of these verbs is like the past tense of strong verbs, and their past tense is weak.

eigamegakunnaskulumunumuna
indic.
pres.
sing.


pl.
1st
2nd
3rd
1st
2nd
3rd
á
átt
á
eigum
eiguð
eigu

mátt

megum
meguð
megu
kann
kannt
kann
kunnum
kunnuð
kunnu
skal
skalt
skal
skulum
skuluð
skulu
mun
munt
mun
munum
munuð
munu
man
mant
man
munum
munið
muna
indic. past stem
subj. pres. stem
subj. past stem
átt-
eig-
ætt-
mátt-
meg-
mætt-
kunn-
kunn-
kynn-
skyld-
skyl-
skyld-
mund-
myn-
mynd-
mund-
mun-
mynd-
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