skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Hsv 71VII/2 — skal ‘must’

Sjálfan sik        skal eigi seggja hverr
        lasta mjök né lofa;
þat gera þeir,        er göfgir þykkjaz
        ok vilja heims skraut hafa.

Hverr seggja skal eigi lasta né lofa mjök sjálfan sik; þeir, er göfgir þykkjaz ok vilja hafa heims skraut, gera þat.

Every man must neither blame nor praise himself a lot; those who seem noble and want to have the finery of the world do that.

readings

[2] skal eigi: skyldi 624

grammar

Verbs: Preterite-present verbs

The present tense of these verbs is like the past tense of strong verbs, and their past tense is weak.

eigamegakunnaskulumunumuna
indic.
pres.
sing.


pl.
1st
2nd
3rd
1st
2nd
3rd
á
átt
á
eigum
eiguð
eigu

mátt

megum
meguð
megu
kann
kannt
kann
kunnum
kunnuð
kunnu
skal
skalt
skal
skulum
skuluð
skulu
mun
munt
mun
munum
munuð
munu
man
mant
man
munum
munið
muna
indic. past stem
subj. pres. stem
subj. past stem
átt-
eig-
ætt-
mátt-
meg-
mætt-
kunn-
kunn-
kynn-
skyld-
skyl-
skyld-
mund-
myn-
mynd-
mund-
mun-
mynd-
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