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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Hsv 17VII/5 — skaltu ‘you must’

Allra ráða        tel ek þat einna bezt
        at göfga æztan guð;
með hreinu hjarta        skaltu á hann trúa
        ok elska af öllum hug.

Ek tel þat einna bezt allra ráða at göfga æztan guð; skaltu trúa á hann með hreinu hjarta ok elska af öllum hug.

I consider this the best of all advice to worship the highest God; you must believe in him with a pure heart and love him with all your mind.

readings

[5] skaltu: skalt 624

grammar

Verbs: Preterite-present verbs

The present tense of these verbs is like the past tense of strong verbs, and their past tense is weak.

eigamegakunnaskulumunumuna
indic.
pres.
sing.


pl.
1st
2nd
3rd
1st
2nd
3rd
á
átt
á
eigum
eiguð
eigu

mátt

megum
meguð
megu
kann
kannt
kann
kunnum
kunnuð
kunnu
skal
skalt
skal
skulum
skuluð
skulu
mun
munt
mun
munum
munuð
munu
man
mant
man
munum
munið
muna
indic. past stem
subj. pres. stem
subj. past stem
átt-
eig-
ætt-
mátt-
meg-
mætt-
kunn-
kunn-
kynn-
skyld-
skyl-
skyld-
mund-
myn-
mynd-
mund-
mun-
mynd-
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