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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Hsv 14VII/1 — kunna ‘known’

Ókunna menn        né ölmosur
        skaltu eigi at hlátri hafa,
þótt fornmannligir        fyrðar sé;
þolinmóðr þú vert,        ok bregð eigi af þeim lögum,
        sem sjálfr settir þú.

Skaltu eigi hafa ókunna menn né ölmosur at hlátri, þótt sé fornmannligir fyrðar; vert þú þolinmóðr, ok bregð eigi af þeim lögum, sem þú settir sjálfr.

You must not make a laughing stock of unknown men or beggars, even though they are old-fashioned men; be patient and do not break the rules that you yourself made.

readings

[1] Ókunna menn: ‘ogaufg[...]’ 696XV, Ógöfgann mann 624

notes

[1] ókunna menn ‘unknown men’: 624’s ógöfgan mann ‘un-noble man, commoner’, is closer to the Lat. text.

grammar

Verbs: Preterite-present verbs

The present tense of these verbs is like the past tense of strong verbs, and their past tense is weak.

eigamegakunnaskulumunumuna
indic.
pres.
sing.


pl.
1st
2nd
3rd
1st
2nd
3rd
á
átt
á
eigum
eiguð
eigu

mátt

megum
meguð
megu
kann
kannt
kann
kunnum
kunnuð
kunnu
skal
skalt
skal
skulum
skuluð
skulu
mun
munt
mun
munum
munuð
munu
man
mant
man
munum
munið
muna
indic. past stem
subj. pres. stem
subj. past stem
átt-
eig-
ætt-
mátt-
meg-
mætt-
kunn-
kunn-
kynn-
skyld-
skyl-
skyld-
mund-
myn-
mynd-
mund-
mun-
mynd-
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