skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Hsv 139VII/5 — inn ‘the’

Meinlæti drýgja        skal sá, er misgert hefir,
        ok bæta syndir svá;
sárar atgerðir        þarf inn sjúki maðr
        sér til heilsu at hafa.

Sá, er hefir misgert skal drýgja meinlæti ok bæta svá syndir; inn sjúki maðr þarf at hafa sárar atgerðir til heilsu sér.

The one who has transgressed must practise self-chastisement and thus atone for sins; the sick man needs to have painful treatments for his health.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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