skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Heil 2VII/5 — hinn ‘The’

H… fyr höggum þeira
hátt, og síðast skilja mátti,
á hendi fal hann sig helgum anda
hreinn og góðr og drottins móður.
Dæmi þau kvað hinn dýri Tómas
dauða vild og allar nauðir;
svá skýfðu þeir honum af höfði
hallandi sier krúnu alla.

H… hátt fyr höggum þeira, og síðast mátti skilja hann, hreinn og góðr, fal sig á hendi helgum anda og móður drottins. Hinn dýri Tómas kvað þau dæmi dauða og allar nauðir vild; svá skýfðu þeir alla krúnu af höfði honum hallandi sier.

H... loudly under their blows, and at last it was understood [that] he, pure and good, commended himself to the Holy Spirit and the mother of the Lord [= Mary]. The glorious Thomas declared those models of death and all torments [to be] desirable; so they cut his entire tonsure off his head as he bowed himself.

notes

[5-6] hinn dýri Tómas kvað þau dæmi dauða og allar nauðir vild ‘the glorious Thomas declared those models of death [i.e. the models of the early martyrs] and all torments to be desirable’: Kock (NN §1765) takes dæmi to mean ‘events’ or ‘experiences’, interpreting the two ll. as follows: Hinn dýri Thómás kvað þau dæmi og allar nauðir vild dauða ‘The glorious Thomas declared that those experiences and all torments were a desirable death’. Here, however, as in Skj B, vild, from vildr (adj.) ‘desirable’ is understood to modify the phrase þau dæmi dauða og allir nauðir.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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