skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Heil 12VII/4 — hinn ‘him’

Sætur guð nam sínum vitraz
sessunaut, er hann flutti messu,
græðari várr og gaf honum síðan
guðs líkama sjálfr hinn ríki.
Párísborgar píndr var stýrir
prestr og djákn við grimleik mestan;
tálguöxum hálsar helgir
höggnir váru af greifans brögnum.

Sætur guð nam vitraz sínum sessunaut, er hann flutti messu, og síðan gaf hinn ríki græðari várr honum sjálfr guðs líkama. Stýrir Párísborgar var píndr, prestr og djákn við grimleik mestan; helgir hálsar váru höggnir tálguöxum af greifans brögnum.

Sweet God revealed himself to his bench-mate, as he was celebrating mass, and later our mighty Saviour himself gave him the Eucharist [lit. God’s body]. The ruler of Paris [BISHOP = Dionysius] was tormented, the priest and the deacon [were tormented] with the greatest cruelty; their holy necks were cut with adzes by the count’s men.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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