skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Heil 10VII/3 — hinn ‘the’

Dýrðar læt* eg dásemd verðan
Díonísíum guðs vin prísað;
heilagan gerði hinn hæsti Paulus
hann af einum villumanni.
Clémens páfi guðspjalls geymi
Gallíam bauð að kristna alla;
fekk hann það með frægð og lukku,
að Frakkar sneruz til drottins þakka.

Eg læt* prísað Díonísíum, guðs vin, verðan dásemd dýrðar; hinn hæsti Paulus gerði hann heilagan af einum villumanni. Clémens páfi bauð geymi guðspjalls að kristna alla Gallíam; með frægð og lukku fekk hann það, að Frakkar sneruz til þakka drottins.

I praise Dionysius, God’s friend, to be [who is] a marvel of glory; the highest Paul turned him into a holy man from a heretic. Pope Clement asked the guardian of the Gospel [HOLY MAN] to convert all of Gaul to Christianity; with fame and luck he brought it about that the Franks turned to thanks to [lit. of] the Lord.

notes

[3-4] hinn hæsti Paulus gerði hann heilagan af einum villumanni ‘the highest Paul turned him into a holy man from a heretic’: Cf. Acts XVII.34, where there is a reference to S. Paul converting various sceptics, including Dionysius the Areopagite, who was confused in medieval hagiography with Dionysius of Paris.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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