Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Gyð 6VII/5 — Ullar ‘of Ullr’

Nær f…z jafnt og aurar
æskibjóðr frá þjóðum
virðing …
valstafna … jafnan.
Allr þóttiz þá Ullar
ielherðandi verða
skýrr af skreytiárum
skorðu mars fyr borði.

Æskibjóðr … valstafna f…z jafnan nær jafnt … aurar og virðing frá þjóðum. Skýrr Ullar ielherðandi þóttiz þá verða allr fyr borði af skreytiárum mars skorðu.

The wishing-offerer of the … of the falcon’s perches [ARMS > GOLD > GENEROUS MAN] … always almost equal … money and reputation from men. The pure strengthener of the storm of Ullr <god> [(lit. ‘storm-strengthener of Ullr’) BATTLE > WARRIOR] then considerered that he would be completely thrown over by the decorous envoys of the horse of the boat-prop [SHIP > SEAFARERS].


[5] Ullar: so 399a‑bˣ, BRydberg, BFJ, ‘[...]llar’ B


[5] Ullar: Named in Gylf (SnE 1982, 26) as sonr Sifjar, stjúpsonr Þórs ‘son of Sif, stepson of Þórr’. Although Ullr appears frequently in man-kennings, this is his only appearance in a battle-kenning (LP: Ullr). The kenning is not entirely satisfactory, since we would expect an additional component, possibly alluding to Ullr’s ship, Skjǫldr, in the determinant.




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