Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Alpost 7VII/6 — krossfestr ‘Crucified’

Fullr af fagnað öllum
Filippus að guðs vilja
geisli gladdr í píslum
gleði veiti nú sveitum.
Hann laði kall og kvinnu,
krossfestr í veg mestan
sæll til hæstrar hallar
háleitra guðs sveita.
Fari hier með fagnað inni
Filippus postula minni.

Filippus, fullr af öllum fagnað, geisli gladdr í píslum, veiti gleði nú sveitum að guðs vilja. Krossfestr, sæll laði hann kall og kvinnu í mestan veg til hæstrar hallar guðs háleitra sveita. Með fagnað fari hier inni minni postula Filippus.

May Philip, full of all joy, a ray of light gladdened in torments, grant joy now to the company with God’s will. Crucified, blessed, may he invite man and woman into the greatest glory to the highest hall of God’s sublime company. With joy let there proceed herein a memorial toast to the Apostle Philip.


[6] krossfestr: ‘[...](ro)stfestr’(?) 721


[6] krossfestr ‘crucified’: <K> erased, superscript ‘ro’ partly illegible. According to a tradition which can be traced as far back as Polycrates of Ephesus (C2nd), Philip is said to have died a peaceful death (cf. Beda, Martyrologium, col. 896C: apud Hierapolim dormivit in pace ‘At Hierapolis he fell to sleep in peace’); according to another tradition, he was crucified and stoned to death, see Brev. 4/5-7: Philippus ... in Hierapuli Frigiae provinciae crucifixus et lapidatus obiit ‘Philip ... died in Hierapolis of the province of Phrygia, after being crucified and stoned’; cf. IO 72; Cynewulf, Fates 37-41 (in Brooks 1961, 57): Philipus ... ece lif | þurh rode cwealm ricene gesohte, | syððan on galgan in Gearapolim | ahangen wæs hildecorðre ‘Phillip ... sought eternal life at once through death on the cross, when he was hanged on a gallows in Hierapolis by a troop of armed men’. This version of the Apostle’s martyrdom is repeated in many Icel. sources, cf. Holm perg 5 fol, 59vb (Foote 1976, 154); cf. Ph 737, AM 660 4°, 23v (Foote 1976, 153) and AM 764 4°, 16v. A long cross is one of Philip’s traditional iconographic attributes (see Braun 1943, 607-8; Kilström 1956, 175), and the Apostle is regularly represented as crucified on a tall cross (Roeder 1956, 23).



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