skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þfisk Lv 3II/2 — kunn ‘known’

Víg lézt, Vinða mýgir,
virðum kunn of unnin
— Þrœndr drifu ríkt und randir —
rǫmm; en þat vas skǫmmu.
Enn fyr Serkland sunnan
snarr þengill hjó drengi;
kunni gramr at gunni
gǫng; vas þat fyr lǫngu.

Mýgir Vinða, lézt of unnin rǫmm víg, kunn virðum; Þrœndr drifu ríkt und randir; en þat vas skǫmmu. Enn fyr sunnan Serkland hjó snarr þengill drengi; gramr kunni gǫng at gunni; vas þat fyr lǫngu.

Oppressor of the Wends [= Haraldr], you waged furious wars, known to men; the Þrœndir pressed on mightily beneath shield-rims; and that was recently. And, south of the land of the Saracens, the swift ruler cut down warriors; the lord knew how to advance in battle; that was long ago.

readings

[2] kunn: kunnr Flat

grammar

Verbs: Preterite-present verbs

The present tense of these verbs is like the past tense of strong verbs, and their past tense is weak.

eigamegakunnaskulumunumuna
indic.
pres.
sing.


pl.
1st
2nd
3rd
1st
2nd
3rd
á
átt
á
eigum
eiguð
eigu

mátt

megum
meguð
megu
kann
kannt
kann
kunnum
kunnuð
kunnu
skal
skalt
skal
skulum
skuluð
skulu
mun
munt
mun
munum
munuð
munu
man
mant
man
munum
munið
muna
indic. past stem
subj. pres. stem
subj. past stem
átt-
eig-
ætt-
mátt-
meg-
mætt-
kunn-
kunn-
kynn-
skyld-
skyl-
skyld-
mund-
myn-
mynd-
mund-
mun-
mynd-
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