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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Hfr Hákdr 3III/4 — hléðut ‘did not protect’

Ok geirrotu gǫtvar
gagls við strengjar hagli
hungreyðǫndum Hanga
hléðut járni séðar.

Ok gǫtvar geirrotu, séðar járni, hléðut hungreyðǫndum gagls Hanga við hagli strengjar.

And garments of spear-downpour [BATTLE > MAIL-SHIRTS], seamed with iron, did not protect hunger-assuagers of the gosling of Hangi <= Óðinn> [RAVEN > WARRIORS] from the hailstone of the bowstring [ARROW].


[4] hléðut: ‘hlóþvt’ R, ‘hlodut’ , ‘hlǫðvt’ W, ‘hlæðvr’ A


[4] hléðut ‘did not protect’: 3rd pers. pl. pret. indic. of the verb hlýja ‘protect’, plus the negative suffix -t. The mss disagree on the stem vowel, and Noreen (ANG §513.2) describes the form with [e:] as old and rare. Emendation to hléðut, adopted by most previous eds, is supported by A’s reading ‘hlæðvr’, and Eskál Vell 34/4I has the same rhyming words, where R reads ‘hleþvt’.



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