skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sigv ErfÓl 6I/8 — ins ‘inn’

Vissi helzt, þats hvǫssum
hundmǫrgum lét grundar
vǫrðr með vôpnum skorða
víkingum skǫr, ríkis.
Mildr lét mǫrgu valdit
Magnúss faðir gagni;
fremð Ôleifs kveðk frǫmðu
flestan sigr ins digra.

Vissi helzt ríkis, þats vǫrðr grundar lét skorða skǫr hundmǫrgum víkingum með hvǫssum vôpnum. Mildr faðir Magnúss lét valdit mǫrgu gagni; kveðk flestan sigr frǫmðu fremð Ôleifs ins digra.

It demonstrated [his] power most clearly, that the guardian of the land [KING = Óláfr] had the hair of very many vikings cut with sharp weapons. The gracious father of Magnús [= Óláfr] brought about many a victory; I declare that most victories promoted the pre-eminence of Óláfr inn digri (‘the Stout’).

readings

[8] ins: hinn 73aˣ, enn Holm4

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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