skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sigv ErfÓl 3I/5 — Annan ‘a second’

Lyngs bar fiskr til fengjar
flugstyggs sonar Tryggva
gjǫlnar golli mǫlnu
— goð vildi svá — roðnar.
Annan lét á unnir
Ôleifr búinn hôla
(lǫgr þó drjúgt) inn digri
(dýrs horn) Visund sporna.

Fiskr lyngs flugstyggs sonar Tryggva bar gjǫlnar roðnar mǫlnu golli til fengjar; goð vildi svá. Ôleifr inn digri lét annan, búinn hôla, Visund, sporna á unnir; lǫgr þó drjúgt horn dýrs.

The fish of the heather [SNAKE (ormr = Ormr inn langi)] of the flight-shunning son of Tryggvi [= Óláfr Tryggvason] carried gills reddened with ground gold in pursuit of gain; God wished it so. Óláfr inn digri (‘the Stout’) caused a second [ship], splendidly equipped, Visundr (‘Bison’), to tread on the waves; the sea washed the animal’s horns persistently.

readings

[5] Annan: annarr Bb, Flat

notes

[5] annan (m. acc. sg.) ‘a second [ship]’: The adj. is in grammatical concord with fiskr (m. nom. sg.) ‘fish’ or more especially Visund (m. acc. sg.) ‘Bison’, but does not directly qualify either. The translation in ÍF 27 assumes dreka (m. acc. sg.) ‘dragon-ship’ to be understood, while Finnur Jónsson (Hkr 1893-1901, IV) remarks that n. annat [skip] ‘another ship, a second ship’ would have been expected. The variant annarr (m. nom. sg.) would qualify Ôleifr, hence ‘another, a second Óláfr’, which would be apt, but this is the reading of Bb and Flat only.

grammar

Strong form: Annarr

Annarr is always strong.

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
annarr
annan
annars
ǫðrum
ǫnnur
aðra
annarrar
annarri
annat
annat
annars
ǫðru
pl. N
A
G
D
aðrir
aðra
annarra
ǫðrum
aðrar
aðrar
annarra
ǫðrum
ǫnnur
ǫnnur
annarra
ǫðrum
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