skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Hókr Eirfl 8I/4 — inn ‘inn’

Hjalmfaldinn bar hilmi
hrings at miklu þingi
— skeiðr glæstu þá þjóðir —
þangat Ormr inn langi.
En sunnr at gný Gunnar
glaðr tók jarl við Naðri;
áðr varð egg at hrjóða
ættgóðr Hemings bróðir.

Ormr inn langi bar hjalmfaldinn hilmi þangat at miklu þingi hrings; þjóðir glæstu þá skeiðr. En glaðr jarl tók við Naðri sunnr at gný Gunnar; áðr varð ættgóðr bróðir Hemings at hrjóða egg.

Ormr inn langi (‘the Long Serpent’) carried the helmet-clad ruler [Óláfr] there to the mighty assembly of the sword [BATTLE]; troops then adorned the ships. But the cheerful jarl received Naðr (‘Adder’) south at the din of Gunnr <valkyrie> [BATTLE]; earlier the high-born brother of Hemingr [= Eiríkr] had to redden the blade.

readings

[4] Ormr inn: orminn J1ˣ, J2ˣ, 325VIII 2 g, Flat, FskAˣ, ‘ormrín’ Bb, ‘ormin’ FskBˣ

notes

[4] Ormr inn langi (‘the Long Serpent’): See Note to st. 3/4 above.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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