skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Bjbp Jóms 29I/6 — inn ‘the’

Vagn hefr orðit ýtum
ǫrfengr at bǫð strangri;
með fullhuga frœknum
framm gengu vel drengir,
þar er í Yggjar éli
Áka sonr inn ríki
brátt, frák, hann at hlœði
hugprúðum Ármóði.

Vagn hefr orðit ǫrfengr ýtum at strangri bǫð; drengir gengu vel framm með frœknum fullhuga, þar er frák, at hann, inn ríki sonr Áka, hlœði brátt hugprúðum Ármóði í éli Yggjar.

Vagn became quickly dominant over men in the severe battle; warriors pressed forward well with the daring one full of courage, where I have heard that he, the powerful son of Áki [= Vagn], soon felled the staunch-hearted Ármóðr in the storm of Yggr <= Óðinn> [BATTLE].

kennings

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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