skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Bjbp Jóms 21I/8 — inn ‘the’

Hauðr frák Hákun verja
hart, svát eigi skorti;
Eirekr hefr eggjar
ótrauðr verit rjóða.
Ok sǫgðu þar ýtar
Ármóð vera síðan
— sá var greppr við gumna
glaðr — hǫfðingja inn þriðja.

Frák Hákun verja hauðr hart, svát eigi skorti; Eirekr hefr verit ótrauðr rjóða eggjar. Ok ýtar sǫgðu þar síðan Ármóð vera inn þriðja hǫfðingja; sá greppr var glaðr við gumna.

I have heard that Hákon defended the land hard, so that nothing was lacking; Eiríkr was not reluctant to redden sword-edges. And men said that Ármóðr was then the third commander there; that man was cheerful towards [his] men.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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