skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Bjbp Jóms 15I/7 — hinn

Ein drepr fyr mér allri
— ótrauðr á lǫg skeiðum
ǫrr þengill bað ýta —
ítrmanns kona teiti.
Góð ætt of kemr grimmu
— gekk herr á skip, darra
hinn er kunni gný gerva —
gœðings at mér stríði.

Ein kona ítrmanns drepr allri teiti fyr mér; ótrauðr ǫrr þengill bað ýta skeiðum á lǫg. Góð ætt gœðings of kemr grimmu stríði at mér; herr, hinn er kunni gerva gný darra, gekk á skip.

A certain nobleman’s wife kills all joy for me; the not-unwilling swift prince [Vagn] ordered ships to be launched onto the sea. The good kinswoman of a chieftain brings cruel torment upon me; the army, which knew how to make the din of spears [BATTLE], went aboard the ships.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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