skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Bjbp Jóms 14I/1 — inn ‘The’

Vagn kvað hitt inn hrausti;
Hamðis gunnar tǫmðum
sá lézk frœkn at fylgja
faldruðr Búa skyldu.
Þá réð heit til hvítrar
hringa meiðr at strengja
— mér kømr harmr at hendi
hættr — Þorketils dóttur.

Inn hrausti Vagn kvað hitt; sá frœkn Hamðis faldruðr lézk skyldu at fylgja Búa, tǫmðum gunnar. Þá réð meiðr hringa at strengja heit til hvítrar dóttur Þorketils; hættr harmr kømr mér at hendi.

The bold Vagn spoke another [oath]; that brave bush of the hood of Hamðir <legendary hero> [(lit. ‘hood-bush of Hamðir’) HELMET > WARRIOR = Vagn] declared it his duty to follow Búi, accustomed to battle. Then the tree of rings [MAN = Vagn] made a vow concerning the bright daughter of Þorkell [= Ingibjǫrg]; dangerous grief comes upon me.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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