skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Bjbp Jóms 9I/8 — inn ‘the’

Sigvaldi hét seggja
snarfengra hǫfðingi,
ok réð þar fyr þegnum
Þorkell liði snjǫllu.
Búi var at hverjum hjaldri
harðráðr með Sigurði;
frágum, Vagn at væri
víst ofrhugi inn mesti.

Hǫfðingi snarfengra seggja hét Sigvaldi, ok Þorkell réð þar fyr þegnum, snjǫllu liði. Búi var harðráðr at hverjum hjaldri með Sigurði; frágum, at Vagn væri víst inn mesti ofrhugi.

The leader of the swift-acting men was called Sigvaldi, and Þorkell there commanded the men, the valiant troop. Búi was hard-ruling in every fight together with Sigurðr; we have heard that Vagn was certainly the most daring man.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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