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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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HSt Rst 5I/2 — nam ‘began’

Óláfr allra jǫfra
óttlaust ok nam brjóta
varghollr Vinða borgir
vestr hernað rak mestan.
Hrælinns hverju sinni
hljómváttandi knátti
sóknbráðr sigri ráða
Svǫlnis dóms í rómu.

Varghollr Óláfr rak vestr mestan hernað allra jǫfra ok nam óttlaust brjóta borgir Vinða. Sóknbráðr hrælinns hljómváttandi knátti ráða sigri hverju sinni í rómu dóms Svǫlnis.

Wolf-gracious Óláfr pursued in the west the greatest raiding campaign of any ruler and began fearlessly to destroy the strongholds of the Wends. The attack-swift witness of the noise of the corpse-serpent [(lit. ‘noise-witness of the corpse-serpent’) SWORD > BATTLE > WARRIOR] won victory every time in the tumult of the verdict of Svǫlnir <= Óðinn> [BATTLE].


[2] nam: réð all others


[2] nam ... brjóta ‘began ... to destroy’: The auxiliary nam, lit. ‘took’, could alternatively be taken as merely a pleonastic auxiliary, hence nam brjóta ‘destroyed’. The same would apply to réð, lit. ‘decided’ in the ÓT tradition.



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