Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þjóð Yt 7I/6 — Ulfs ‘of the Wolf’

Kveðkat dul,
nema Dyggva hrør
Glitnis Gnô
at gamni hefr,
þvít jódís
Ulfs ok Narfa
kjósa skyldi.
Ok allvald
Yngva þjóðar
Loka mær
of leikinn hefr.

Kveðkat dul, nema Gnô Glitnis hefr hrør Dyggva at gamni, þvít jódís Ulfs ok Narfa skyldi kjósa konungmann. Ok mær Loka hefr of leikinn allvald þjóðar Yngva.

I call it no secret, but the Gná <goddess> of Glitnir <horse> [= Hel] has the corpse of Dyggvi for [her] pleasure, for the sister of the Wolf and of Narfi [= Hel] had to choose the king . And the maiden of Loki [= Hel] has outplayed the sovereign of the people of Yngvi [= Svíar].


[5-6] jódís Ulfs ok Narfa ‘the sister of the Wolf and of Narfi [= Hel]’: This kenning is explicable on the basis that Hel, the wolf Fenrir and Narfi (also named Nari) are the offspring of Loki. Nari/Narfi’s mother is Sigyn, Loki’s wife, while the giantess Angrboða gives birth to Hel and Fenrir (as well as the Miðgarðsormr ‘World Serpent’, Gylf, SnE 2005, 27). The word jódís occurs only here and in SnE (1998, I, 108), where it is given together with systir ‘sister’ and dís ‘goddess, minor female deity’ among the heiti for ‘woman’. The sense ‘sister’ is clearly required by the present context and this finds some limited support in the SnE context (cf. st. 9/7, where dís Loga appears to mean ‘sister of Logi’; see Note). The second element of the cpd is dís, while the first is uncertain (see AEW: jódís, jóðdís).




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