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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þul Á 5III/4 — þró ‘þró’

Gilling ok Níl,         Ganges, Tvedda,
Luma, vervaða,         Leira ok Gunnþró,
Víð, Svǫl, Vegsvinn,         yn, Þjóðnuma,
Fjǫrm, Strǫnd ok Spé         ok Fimbulþul.

Gilling ok Níl, Ganges, Tvedda, Luma, vervaða, Leira ok Gunnþró, Víð, Svǫl, Vegsvinn, yn, Þjóðnuma, Fjǫrm, Strǫnd ok Spé ok Fimbulþul.

Gilling and Nile, Ganges, Tweed, Luma, one waded by men, Loire and Gunnþró, Víð, Svǫl, Vegsvinn, yn, Þjóðnuma, Fjǫrm, Strǫnd and Spey and Fimbulþul.


[4] ‑þró: ‘‑þor’ C, ‘[…]’ B, ‘‑þro’ 744ˣ


[4] Gunnþró (f.): The name of a mythical river (Grí 27/3; Gylf, SnE 2005, 33), in which the first element is gunn- ‘battle-, war-’. The second element is either þró f. ‘trough’ (Gunnþró lit. ‘battle-trough’) or -þrá, probably the f. form of the adj. þrár ‘stubborn’ (hence ‘battle-stubborn’). Alternatively, the second element may be connected with ON þrá f. ‘yearning, longing’. Finnur Jónsson (1933-4, 263) gives the translation den krigeriske ‘the warlike one’ and Hale (1983, 169-70) ‘one which travels swiftly or wildly in its course’.



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