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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þul Fiska 4III/3 — grunnungr ‘shallows-dweller’

Þyrsklingr, ufsi,         þorskr, vartari,
grunnungr, gedda,         gjǫlnir, keila,
áll ok karfi,         krabbi, geirsíl,
hár ok goðlax,         hornsíl, ígull.

Þyrsklingr, ufsi, þorskr, vartari, grunnungr, gedda, gjǫlnir, keila, áll ok karfi, krabbi, geirsíl, hár ok goðlax, hornsíl, ígull.

Codling, coalfish, cod, vartari, shallows-dweller, pike, gilled one, tusk, eel and carp, crab, garfish, shark and moonfish, stickleback, sea-urchin.


[3] grunnungr gedda: ‘g[…]nnungr g[…]dda’ B, ‘grunnungr gedda’ 744ˣ


[3] grunnungr (m.) ‘shallows-dweller’: The name refers to a fish that lives in shallow waters, perhaps a small cod (from grunn ‘shallows’ or grunnr ‘bottom of the sea’, hence lit. ‘groundling’, ModNorw. taretorsk). See Nordgaard (1912, 62). ModIcel. grunnungur is ‘tench’ (Tinca tinca), a freshwater fish of the carp family.



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