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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þul Jǫtna I 1III/6 — Grímnir ‘Grímnir’

Ek mun jǫtna         inna heiti:
Ymir, Gangr, Mímir,         Iði ok Þjazi,
Hrungnir, Hrímnir,         Hrauðnir, Grímnir,
Hveðrungr, Hafli,         Hripstoðr, Gymir.

Ek mun inna heiti jǫtna: Ymir, Gangr, Mímir, Iði ok Þjazi, Hrungnir, Hrímnir, Hrauðnir, Grímnir, Hveðrungr, Hafli, Hripstoðr, Gymir.

I shall tell the names of giants: Ymir, Gangr, Mímir, Iði and Þjazi, Hrungnir, Hrímnir, Hrauðnir, Grímnir, Hveðrungr, Hafli, Hripstoðr, Gymir.


[6] Grímnir: hveðrungr C, ‘[…]’ B, ‘grimnir744ˣ


[6] Grímnir: This giant-name occurs in Hrólfs saga Gautrekssonar (FSN III, 122-6). Grímnir is the second element in other giant-names, such as Hrímgrímnir (st. 2/4), in which Hrím- probably refers to the giant’s origin from the hrímþursar (cf. Hrímnir in l. 5 above), and Aurgrímnir (Þul Jǫtna II 2/4), in which the first element is aurr m. ‘clay, mud, wet soil’. Grímnir means ‘masked one’ (cf. gríma f. ‘mask, hood’), and it is also a name for Óðinn and a heiti for ‘goat’ (Þul Hafrs 1/1; see Note there). The name is repeated in Þul Jǫtna II 1/7 and is also mentioned in Allra flagða þula (see Introduction), but it is not otherwise attested in poetry.



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