skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þjóð Yt 25I/2 — inn ‘(‘the’

Varð Goðrøðr
inn gǫfugláti
lómi beittr,
sás fyr lǫngu vas.
Ok umráð
at ǫlum stilli
hǫfuð heiptrœkt
at hilmi dró.
Ok launsigr
inn lómgeði
Ôsu ôrr
af jǫfri bar.
Ok buðlungr
á beði fornum
Stíflusunds
of stunginn vas.

Goðrøðr inn gǫfugláti, sás vas fyr lǫngu, varð beittr lómi. Ok heiptrœkt hǫfuð dró umráð at ǫlum stilli, at hilmi. Ok inn lómgeði ôrr Ôsu bar launsigr af jǫfri. Ok buðlungr vas of stunginn á fornum beði Stíflusunds.

Guðrøðr inn gǫfugláti (‘the Splendid’), who lived long ago, was dealt with using treachery. And a hate-filled head brought a plot against the drunk ruler, against the leader. And the treacherous-minded servant of Ása won a hidden victory against the prince. And the king was stabbed on the ancient shore of Stíflusund.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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