skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Hfr ErfÓl 9I/1 — id

Leitt hykk Leifa brautar
lognôrungum vôru
geirs við gumna stjóra
geigurþing at eiga,
þás fákhlaðendr frœknir
farligs at vin jarla
húfs með hamri þœfðar
hrings skyrtur framm gingu.

Hykk vôru leitt Leifa brautar lognôrungum at eiga geigurþing geirs við stjóra gumna, þás frœknir farligs húfs fákhlaðendr gingu framm at vin jarla með skyrtur hrings, þœfðar hamri.

I think it was hateful to possessors of the flame of the road of Leifi <sea-king> [(lit. ‘flame-possessors of the road of Leifi’) SEA > GOLD > MEN] to hold the dangerous meeting of the spear [BATTLE] with the steerer of men [RULER], when bold loaders of the steed of excellent planking [(lit. ‘steed-loaders of planking’) SHIP > SEAFARERS] advanced against the friend of jarls [KING] with shirts of the ring, beaten [MAIL-SHIRTS] with the hammer.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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