skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ÞGísl Búdr 12I/3 — inn ‘the’

Felldi Vagn virða;
valði of nái stirða
hrafn inn hvassleiti;
hrundi á borð sveiti.
Þess réð þó dála
— þrymr vas hôr stála —
eyðis undglóða
Eirekr skip hrjóða.

Vagn felldi virða; inn hvassleiti hrafn valði of stirða nái; sveiti hrundi á borð. Eirekr réð þó hrjóða dála skip þess eyðis undglóða; þrymr stála vas hôr.

Vagn felled warriors; the sharp-eyed raven chose between stiff corpses; blood flowed onto the gunwale. Eiríkr managed nevertheless to clear completely the ship of that destroyer of wound-embers [SWORDS > WARRIOR = Vagn]; the din of steel weapons [BATTLE] was loud.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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