skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þjóð Har 3I/2 — it

Gaf gǫrpum sínum         goll it rauða
hilmir hróðigr         ok hringa marga,
brynjur bjartar         ok branda hvassa,
skjǫldu skyggða         ok skrautbúna.

Hróðigr hilmir gaf gǫrpum sínum it rauða goll ok marga hringa, bjartar brynjur ok hvassa branda, skyggða ok skrautbúna skjǫldu.

The glorious ruler gave his champions red gold and many rings, bright mail-shirts and keen blades, shining and richly-decorated shields.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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