skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þjsk Sveindr 1I/3 — Jóta ‘of the Jótar’

Opt með œrnri giptu
ǫðlings himins rǫðla
Jóta gramr inn ítri
Englandi rauð branda.

Inn ítri gramr Jóta rauð branda opt Englandi með œrnri giptu ǫðlings rǫðla himins.

The splendid ruler of the Jótar [DANISH KING = Sveinn] reddened blades often in England with ample luck of the Lord of the discs of the sky [HEAVENLY BODIES > = God].

readings

[3] Jóta: so 563aˣ, jótra Flat, Jóta corrected from jǫtna 4867ˣ

notes

[3] Jóta ‘of the Jótar’: I.e. the people of Jótland (Jutland). Flat’s ‘jotra’ makes no sense, while king-kennings with Jótar are both common and appropriate to the Danish King Sveinn, so the paper mss seem to preserve the original reading here. Previous eds also read Jóta, regarding it as an emendation.

kennings

grammar

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