skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Ólhelg Lv 7I/1 — inn ‘the’

Lítt mun halr inn hvíti
— hrafn etr af ná getnum —
— vér unnum gný Gunnar —
glaðr í nótt á Jaðri.
Svá hefr ǫllungis illa
— ek gekk reiðr of skeiðar —
— jǫrð veldr manna morði —
mitt rán getit hônum.

Lítt mun inn hvíti halr glaðr í nótt á Jaðri; hrafn etr af getnum ná; vér unnum gný Gunnar. Svá hefr rán mitt getit hônum ǫllungis illa; ek gekk reiðr of skeiðar; jǫrð veldr morði manna.

Little will the pale warrior be glad tonight in Jæren; the raven eats from the corpse it has got; we made the clamour of Gunnr <valkyrie> [BATTLE]. Thus robbing me has brought him an entirely bad outcome; I walked enraged across the warships; land causes the death of men.

notes

[1] inn hvíti halr ‘the pale warrior’: This may be one of Erlingr’s sons (Hkr 1893-1901, IV), but Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson prefers to identify him with Erlingr himself (see Note to l. 4 below). Line 1 may be formulaic (cf. Egill Lv 31/2V, 34/8V (Eg 60, 63), Hfr Lv 17/1V (Hallfr 20) and GunnlI Lv 8/5V (Gunnl 13); cf. Fidjestøl 1982, 68), with the adj. used pejoratively.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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