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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ESk Frag 16III/3 — él ‘the storm’

Kaldr þvær marr und mildum
mart dægr viðu svarta
(grefr élsnúinn) jǫfri
(almsorg Manar þjalma).

Mart dægr þvær kaldr marr svarta viðu und mildum jǫfri; almsorg grefr élsnúinn þjalma Manar.

Many a day the cold sea cleanses the black timbers beneath the generous prince; the grief of the elm-tree [WIND] carves the storm-twisted enclosure of Man <island> [SEA].

notes

[3] élsnúinn (m. acc. sg.) ‘storm-twisted’: Earlier eds adopt the A variant élsnúin (f. nom. sg.) as an adj. qualifying almsorg ‘grief of the elm-tree [WIND]’ (l. 4). Both the wind and the sea can be storm-twisted, however, and the present edn retains the R, reading.

kennings

grammar

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