skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þorf Lv 2I/2 — ins ‘of the’

Røkkr at regni miklu
randar garðs ins harða;
vill við vísa snjallan
Verdœla lið berjask.
Verjum allvald ǫrvan;
ǫlum teitan mô sveita;
fellum Þrœndr í Þundar
— þess eggjumk vér — hreggi.

Røkkr at miklu regni ins harða garðs randar; lið Verdœla vill berjask við snjallan vísa. Verjum ǫrvan allvald; ǫlum teitan mô sveita; fellum Þrœndr í hreggi Þundar; vér eggjumk þess.

It grows dim approaching the great downpour of the tough enclosure of the shield-rim [SHIELD > BATTLE]; the force of the Verdœlir wants to fight against the valiant prince [Óláfr]. Let us defend the generous mighty ruler; let us feed the cheerful gull of gore [RAVEN/EAGLE]; let us fell the Þrœndr in the storm of Þundr <= Óðinn> [BATTLE]; we are urging this.

readings

[2] ins: hinn 68

kennings

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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